One of the NEW WBL project aims was  to review work based learning schemes in partner countries for examining the conditions that contribute to good WBL generally as well as taking into account national and regional contexts, sectoral needs and local development strategies.

Project partners identified challenges, discussed and agreed on three flexible WBL models that respond to different environments and needs. The first model is more appropriate for situations where implementation of VET is mainly school based, but there is a need to introduce apprenticeship approach. Implementation of this model does not require big changes in the legislative framework and introduction takes maximum 2 years. The second model which is based on and continues the first one is more complex, it proposes possible changes in regulatory framework and implementation of it takes minimum 4 years. The third one is the so called ‘dream model’ which does not fit into current legislative frame and needs at least 5 years to be fully introduced. The model descriptions are followed by recommendations to policy makers and will be presented to and discussed with different stakeholder groups in Bulgaria, Latvia and Slovenia for amendments and improvements.
Draft NewWBL models



Project second work package “Collecting evidence from industry” was aimed at collecting opinions on strengths and weaknesses of the current IVET systems with focus on WBL in Slovenia, Latvia, and Bulgaria. Partners organized national conferences with participation of stakeholders from industries and VET schools. During conferences participants discussed different work based learning related issues – rationale for the introduction of the WBL models, how to approach future skills needs, financing and responsibilities, mechanism how to motivate enterprises to participate in WBL, pros and cons of existing apprenticeship schemes and other WBL related issues.
After the conference each country prepared SWOT analysis report based on stakeholders’ discussions. Reports are available here:
SWOT Analysis of the WBL system in Bulgaria
SWOT Analysis of the WBL system in Latvia
SWOT Analysis of the WBL system in Slovenia






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